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Intended Learning Outcomes


  1. Understanding ethical reasoning and ethical principles;
  2. Understanding the principles of informed consent and surrogate decision-making;
  3. Understanding the potential dilemma of cultural relativism;
  4. Weighing risks and benefits of treatments, including potentially inappropriate treatments, and understanding the need for the change of treatment goals as well as for implementing end-of-life care and / or palliative care;
  5. Handling medical errors;
  6. Understanding and applying the principles of shared decision-making;
  7. Understanding the public interest in intensive care ethics, including the need for and the potential risks of research in that field.


eModule Information

Relevant Competencies from CoBaTrICE


  • 8.1 Manages end of life care and the process of withdrawing and withholding treatment with the multidisciplinary team
  • 8.2 Discusses end of life care with patients and their families / surrogates
  • 8.3 Manages palliative care of the critically ill patient
  • 12.4 Involves patients (or their surrogates if applicable) in decisions about care and treatment
  • 12.5 Demonstrates respect of cultural and religious beliefs and an awareness of their impact on decision making
  • 12.12 Formulates clinical decisions with respect for ethical and legal principles